DANIEL BOWERBANK opens in MACHINAL at Theatre Royal Bath ★★★★★

Production pictures of Machinal. Ustinov Studio, Theatre Royal Bath. Director: Richard Jones, Set Designer: Hyemi Shin, Costume Designer: Nicky Gillibrand, Lighting Designer: Adam Silverman, Sound Designer: Benjamin Grant, Movement Director: Sarah Fahie, Casting Director: Ginny Schiller CDG. Cast: Rosie Sheehy, Tim Frances, Buffy Davis, Daniel Abelson, Sam Alexander, Steven Beard, Daniel Bowerbank, Imogen Daines, Carla Harrison-Hodge, Emilio Iannucci, Pierro Niel-Mee and Wendy Nottingham. Ustinov Studio 24 Oct 2023. Photo – © Foteini Christofilopoulou.

Whats On Stage
5 stars out of 5
Machinal at Theatre Royal Bath’s Ustinov Studio – review
Richard Jones’ revival runs until 18 November
Kris Hallett

There is a triumvirate of greatness running through Machinal, opening the second season of Deborah Warner’s Ustinov reign; there is Sophie Treadwell’s classic expressionist play of 1928, matched here with Richard Jones’ highly stylised, high-sheen direction and Rosie Sheehy’s skin flailing performance as The Young Woman in a performance that confirms her as one of our next great actors. This trinity reminds us that the Ustinov lays claim to be the most exciting performance space in the Southwest, if not the country.
Treadwell was a prolific journalist and playwright, but it is Machinal that is remembered today. It is rarely away from the stage; the Almeida produced it as recently as 2018. Its familiarity can cloud how ahead of the curve it was. Taking inspiration from the true life case of Ruth Snyder who was tried and then executed for killing her husband accompanied by her lover, Treadwell plunges us into a New York as a mechanical whirl, humans as automatons; locking in, clocking out; where love and marriage do not equate and what little pleasure there is can only be found in prohibition speakeasies.
It is little wonder that the young woman (later given the generic name Helen Jones) needs to escape from the beginning, gasping for air as she rides the subway into work. Across nine scenes we see this misfit fight with her joyless mother, marry her boss, have a baby, meet a lover, murder her husband, be put on trial, and then eventually placed into the chair for her crime. What makes Treadwell’s play extraordinary is its form, plunging us into a symphony of voices, jagged and disconnected, full of cliché and repeated motifs, and lets us see the stifling effect it has on a woman out of sync. Lines are short and jagged, shards of glass ready to plunge deep into skin. It’s only when the woman is in her tryst with her lover that staccato becomes legato. We may be able to see that in Pierro Niel-Mee, we have a chancer who plays women like cards, but for a fleeting moment, it offers her an escape route.
Jones, our foremost opera director, brings his epic vision into studio form and it works a treat. Recently, his Pygmalion was accused of blurring the intent behind George Bernard Shaw’s play, but here he evokes a perfect blend of theatricality and brings Treadwell’s play blazingly to life. Set, costume, lighting, and sound fuse with a heightened acting style that magnetises from the first scene, as we watch Sheehy trapped in the middle of a crowded subway train. Nicky Gillibrand’s black and white costumes clash stunningly with Hyemi Shin’s yellow-painted set, a drab society contrasting with the happiness that seems a long way away from its anti-heroine.
Sheehy’s performance is astonishing. Though Jones doesn’t place much trope on society being the crusher of this woman, she is clearly on edge from our first encounter and it’s clear from her responses to the situations around her that she is neurodiverse, he instead plunges us into the mind of one about to explode. Sheehy, in a drab blue dress, her eyes never far from tears, suggests one who doesn’t know her place in the world. Yet in her volcanic anger, as she turns against her mother, in her writhing as the sound of drilling radiates around her head, we see a woman in desperate need of help and with nowhere to turn.
Sheehy, who has made inroads into our foremost national companies over the past years, gives a startlingly brave and committed performance here, her screams as she realises she is about to go to the chair will be etched in my mind for years to come. It’s a performance that suggests the promise is over and we have a stage great on our hands.
Niel-Mee is a convincing lothario and there is sterling support work as well from Daniel Abelson as a Southern defense lawyer, Tim Frances as the skin-crawl-inducing husband, and Buffy Davis as the Irish mother, dropping potatoes onto the plate and insisting love and marriage have very little to do with each other.
Warner’s Ustinov seasons feel like a budgeting nightmare in terms of getting the sums to work, here there are 12 actors playing to an audience of under 200 but from this critics’ perspective, I hope the partnership lasts. Machinal is one of the great theatre nights of the decade.

4 stars out of 5
Machinal review – spare yet shocking revival of 1920s play on female criminality
Theatre Royal, Bath
An excellent cast give the story of Ruth Snyder, a woman executed by electric chair in 1928 for killing her husband, a cleverly inventive, chillingly modern update

Arifa Akbar

Ruth Snyder’s crime was sensationalised in its day and well after it. An American who murdered her husband and paid with her life, her very public death in 1928 by electric chair has served as gruesome inspiration for, among others, Billy Wilder and Guns N’ Roses. Sophie Treadwell’s 1928 play infuses Snyder’s story with compassion and tragedy, without a hint of sentimentality.
This stark, magnetic revival draws on the play’s expressionist roots yet also renders it chillingly modern in showing how female criminality is still often depicted. Immaculately directed by Richard Jones, it is spare yet shocking.
Rosie Sheehy plays the unnamed “young woman” and cements her reputation as an astounding stage talent with her magnificent performance, as physical as it is psychological. The play invites expressive choreography and this revival excels in its movement (by Sarah Fahie), seeming like a dance at times.
Period setting is combined with a non-realist stage (designed by Hyemi Shin), which takes the shape of a distorted dream or Hitchcockian hallucination – garishly yellow walls with long shadows thrown across them. It is a world narrowed in on its protagonist, quite literally forcing her into a corner.
The play’s one-word headings – Business, Domestic etc – are telegraphed and conjured with just a few props, so typewriters for the office scenes, a bed for her honeymoon night and a table for the stultifying tenement home shared with her mother (Buffy Davis, excellently playing her as a desolate, Beckett-like character). The jarring soundscape of the play is central to its sense of alarm, and scenes here are overlain effectively with invasive sounds (designed by Benjamin Grant).

Sheehy captures a woman utterly trapped (“I’m stifling, ma”), repelled by her husband (Tim Frances, chillingly bland) and only coming to life after meeting her lover (Pierro Niel-Mee). Freedom is a theme shared between them and it is this that leads her to murder.

Sheehy flinches at the touch of her husband and at a piercingly loud world which demands passive conformity. She is alienated even from her own body, and moments of dissociation are brilliantly conveyed. She delivers her lines with barely suppressed rage or fear, the dialogue variously gathering in staccato poetry or a savage, spitting quality.

She might be Franz Kafka’s Gregor Samsa or Herman Melville’s Bartleby, railing against bullying capitalist forces and the mechanisation of the workforce. Unlike Wilder’s Double Indemnity, partly inspired by Snyder’s story and showing a man being duped by an unfaithful, murderous and conniving femme fatale, this play is about a woman betrayed by forces beyond her control, told from deep within her body and mind.

Snyder’s death was infamously photographed, the image of a murderous housewife in the throes of violent death brandished across the media. A scene here captures that horrifying indignity in movement rather than explicit depiction. The photographers and executioners who hound her last days form a line, hand in hand, and become conductors of the electricity fired into her body. We walk away in horror, just as we should.

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